Taxonomy

Kingdom : Plantae
Phylum : Magnoliophyta
Class : Equisetopsida
Order : Malpighiales
Genus : Bruguiera
Species : cylindrica
Author : (Linnaeus) Blume

Description

Small trees up to 20 m tall, stem-base buttressed, producing oval shaped knee-bent roots; young twigs and bark bronze colored with many stipular scars. Leaves 8-15 x 2-6 cm, oblanceolate, acute at apex, cuneate at base; petioles green. Flowers 1-1.5 cm long, creamish white, 3, in axillary pedunculate cymes; calyx-tube smooth, cup-shaped with 8-10 reflexed lobes; petals bilobed with a bristle in the sinus, each lobe with 3 apical cilia, margins hairy. Hypocotyle 10-14 cm, cylindric, obscurely ribbed and slightly curved towards apex. Carpex 2.5mm long.
Flowering and fruiting: March - November (West Bengal), April - July (Orissa), March - August (Andhra Pradesh), December - September (Tamil Nadu), mostly throughout the year (Kerala).
Occasionally occur in pure stands or in association with Bruguiera parviflora in sheltered estuarine parts of mangroves. This species is distinguished from Bruguiera parviflora from its bronze colored twigs, glabrous calyx-tube which equals its lobes in length.