Taxonomy

Kingdom : Animalia
Phylum : Chordata
Class : Actinopterygii
Order : Perciformes
Genus : Sparus
Species : berda
Author : Forsskal, 1775

Description

Size: 37 cm.
Color: In preserved specimens silvery, base of each scale of body brown, especially those of the back. Vertical fins more or less dusky, much darker to almost black along their outer border. Pectorals and ventrals yellowish, ventrals dusky in their distal half.
Height 2-2.1, 2.5-2.6 in length with caudal. Head 2.8-3.1, 3.5-3.8 in length with caudal. eye 3.9-4.6, 1.4-1.8 in snout and according to age 1-1.7 in somewhat convex inter orbital space. Mouth slightly oblique. Lips thick. Maxillary reaching to below front border of pupil or somewhat farther back. Lower jaw slightly included. Teeth in jaws in 3-5 crowded rows, anteriorly about six curved canines in the upper jaw, and four in the lower jaw. The teeth behind the canines moderate, granular or somewhat conical, the outer row and the posterior ones of the inner rows much larger, molari form. Suborbital almost as deep as diameter of eye in large specimens, much lower in small specimens. Five transverse rows of scales on preoperculum. Dorsal spines strong, heteracanth. First, half as long as second, which is shorter than third. Third to fifth spines or fourth spine longest, equal to (in large specimens) or somewhat longer than post orbital part of head. Soft dorsal lower than spinous part, rounded. First anal spine short, much less than eye. Second spine very long and strong, laterally compressed, its length equal to or more or less than head without snout, its breadth as much as half diameter of eye. Third anal spine much shorter and less strong than second spine, equal to or longer than snout. Anterior rays of soft anal, which is rounded, somewhat longer than third spine. Pectorals long and much pointed, equal to distance between end of snout and origin of ventrals. Ventrals, with the first ray slightly produced, somewhat less than head. Ventral spine equal to or longer than post orbital part of head. Caudal deeply emarginate, the lobes more or less rounded. Least height of caudal peduncle 1.1-1.2 in its length.