Taxonomy

Kingdom : Plantae
Phylum : Magnoliophyta
Class : Equisetopsida
Order : Malpighiales
Genus : Rhizophora
Species : apiculata
Author : Blume

Description

Trees up to 30 m tall with pyramidal crowns and many ascending branches; stem base supported by numerous branches stilt-roots. Leaves 10-20 x 5-8 cm, elliptic-oblong, coriaceaous, entire, acute or apiculate at apex, cuneate at base. Flowers 10-12 mm across, sessile, white or cream-colored in pairs of upper leaf axils; calyx 4 lobed, concave, accrescent, reflexed in fruit; corolla 4 lobed, lobed fleshy, glabrous, caduceus; stamens 12, 4 episepalous paired, 4 epipetalous. Hypocotyle 30-50 cm long, cylindrical, clavate.
Flowering and fruiting during May-September, March-November (West Bengal), November-April (Orissa), April-August (Andhra Pradesh), May-November (Tamil Nadu), August-October (Kerala, Karnataka), March-July (Goa), October-August (Maharashtra).
Rhizophora apiculata is distinguished from the other two species by its acute leaf tip, 2 flowered inflorescence, glabrous petal lobes and 12 stamens of flowers.