Taxonomy

Kingdom : Plantae
Phylum : Magnoliophyta
Class : Equisetopsida
Order : Myrtales
Genus : Lumnitzera
Species : racemosa
Author : Willd.

Description

Large shrubs or small trees upto 8 m tall, glabrous ; bark brownish, lenticellate. Leaves sessile, thick, crowded at branch endings, 4-8 x 1.5-3.5 cm, oblanceolate or obovate, entire, emarginate at apex, tapering at base. Flowers sessile, in short, lax. axillary spikes. 9-11 mm long, white; calyx-lube produced above the ovary; petals 5; stamens 10 or rarely fewer; ovary one celled, inferior. Fruits 8-10 x 4-6 mm, ellipsoid, woody, crowned with persistent calyx lobes, one seeded.
Flowering and fruiting during the period of April-July, May-November (West Bengal), March-July (Orissa, Karnataka), May-July (Andhra Pradesh), August-December (Tamil Nadu), June-September (Kerala), March-August (Maharashtra).
Often found in association with Ceriops tagal or forming pure stands. This species can be recognised in the field by its reddish brown bark of the stem, succulent spatula-like leaves with an apical notch, and vase-shaped fruits.